*This article describes the 7 types of curriculum and their classroom implications. Upon reading this article, you will realize the complexity of the term “curriculum” as I discuss each type, along with the examples. Read on and find out the different types. *

Allan Grathon (2000), as cited by Bilbao *et al.* (2008), describes the seven types of curriculum as follows:

**Recommended Curriculum**Perhaps you have asked these questions: Why should I take all these subjects and follow the course flow religiously? Why is there a need to implement the K to 12?The answer is simple! The Ministry of Education, the Commission on Higher Education, or any professional organization can recommend and implement a curriculum.In the Philippines, for example, what is being implemented by the Department of Education (DepEd) or the Commission on Higher Education (CHEd), is an example of a recommended curriculum.

In some cases, a law making body like the congress and the senate, or a university or a school can recommend a subject, a course, or any academic program which is deemed necessary for national identity and security, for environmental protection and sustainable development, among others.

**Written Curriculum**This refers to a lesson plan or syllabus written by teachers. Another example is the one written by curriculum experts with the help of subject teachers. This kind of written curriculum needs to be pilot tested or tried out in sample schools to determine its effectiveness.**Taught Curriculum**This is about the implementation of the written curriculum. Whatever is being taught or an activity being done in the classroom is a taught curriculum. So, when teachers give a lecture, initiate group work, or ask students to do a laboratory experiment with the their guidance, the taught curriculum is demonstrated. This curriculum contains different teaching styles and learning styles to address the students’ needs and interests.**Supported Curriculum**Instructional materials, such as textbooks, audio visual materials, blogs, wikis, and others are examples of support curriculum. Other examples are playgrounds, zoos, gardens, museums, and real life objects. It is called supported curriculum because it helps teachers implement a written curriculum thus enables the students to become life-long learners.**Assessed Curriculum**When students take a quiz or the mid-term and final exams, these series of evaluations are the so-called assessed curriculum. Teachers may use the pencil and paper tests, and authentic assessments like portfolio and performance based assessments in order to know if the students are progressing or not.**Learned Curriculum**This type of curriculum indicates what the students have actually learned. This can be measured through learning outcomes. A learning outcome can be manifested by what students can perform or do either in their cognitive, affective or psychomotor domains. The learning outcome can be determined by the results of the tests, and it can be achieved by the students through the use of learning objectives.**Hidden Curriculum**This refers to the unplanned or unintended curriculum but plays an important role in learning.

Now, let’s discuss some classroom implications of the different types of curriculum by taking the following situation as example.

Let’s assume that you are a college student taking up Bachelor of Secondary Education, major in English. Your course or degree program is a recommended curriculum prescribed by CHED. The syllabi given to you by your teachers are the written curriculum. When your teachers start to teach, that is a taught curriculum. And when they ask you to use the internet and search information about a given topic, this is a supported curriculum.

Furthermore, teachers need to evaluate your performance. So, when you are given a test or exam that is the assessed curriculum. The results of the assessed curriculum will determine what you have actually learned – and that is the so-called learned curriculum. However, the hidden curriculum can affect what will be taught and assessed by your teachers, and eventually may affect what you will learn.

To sum it up, curriculum is not only about a course or a simple listing of subjects but it is the total learning experience of students as indicated by the seven types of curriculum.

**Reference**

Bilbao, P. P., Lucido, P. I., Iringan, T. C., and R. B. Javier (2008). Curriculum development. Quezon City: Lorimar Publishing, Inc.

© 2015 January 7 M. G. Alvior

*SimplyEducate.Me*. Retrieved from https://simplyeducate.me/2015/01/07/seven-school-curriculum-types-and-their-classroom-implications/

This is indeed credible.

Thank you so much. 🙂

what are the major types of curriculum? because i found some where that

curriculum can be categorized into two major types and these are

(a)implisity

(b)explisity

now what is your comment on this

Dear Sir Paul Mukama,

Thank you for bringing that up, but I’m not familiar with the ones you mentioned (implisity and explisity as major types of curriculum). I would appreciate if you could give me the link.

Regards,

Dr. Mary

Yes, I have heard of the IMPLICIT and EXPLICIT curriculum, but what Paul brings up is new to me.

Hi, Mary! Thanks for your comments. If it is implicit or explicit curriculum, maybe it is only the terminology that makes the difference. Is implicit somewhat related to the hidden curriculum or the intended curriculum? And what about the explicit? Does it refer to the achieved or implemented curriculum? Well, I can only have a definite response if there are references or links (websites) that will further explain the implicit and explicit curriculum mentioned by Sir Paul.

I think he made an error instead of explicit he typed explisity. Nevertheless explicit is just same as formal curriculum

You are right, Halumamba.

Thank you ☺

Welcome, Chary

As students why do we need to know the different types of curricula?

Hi, Kathryn.

It is important for you to know the different types of curriculum to understand the concepts and processes involved in curriculum development. It also explains why it is important to do lesson plans, assess students’ performance and monitor and implement curricular programs, etc.

To be aware of what we will be able to know.

Hi, Isabel. I’m so sorry but I don’t understand what you mean.

hi I have ound 11 types of curriculum from this website

http://thesecondprinciple.com/instructional-design/types-of-curriculum/

hi I have found 11 types of curriculum from this website

http://thesecondprinciple.com/instructional-design/types-of-curriculum/

plz further guide me regarding these, and there are explicit and implicit curriculum also found.

Dear Sajal,

I appreciated your effort of sending me the link. I’m really happy because the purpose of this site is for professional development and academic success. This is a place where teachers and students meet to globalize higher education by sharing what we know. I agree with the ones described/defined by Dr. Leslie. There could be more kinds/types of curriculum and these are subject to interpretations. Thus, it depends on the readers what they should agree or disagree. Thank you.

Is it very imparative to apply all the type of carriclum in a school

Hi, Elias. Yes, it is important to apply the 7 types because they are the types of curriculum that exist in school. However, it depends on your country, school administrators, or school heads if they want to apply them or not. Thanks.

I had to research about the types of Curricula and the importance of knowing them. This helped me a lot. This is very understandable and clear. Thank you so much.

Hi, Kristel. You are welcome.

hello I have here a question, Why must the teacher be aware and sensitive to the hidden curriculum?

Hi, Jean.

Teacher must be sensitive to the hidden curriculum because it is a key to make students learn. A curriculum that is written may look perfect but it makes no sense when the students don’t learn. In affective filter hypothesis, if the affective filter is up, no learning will take place. Affective filters are the emotional and psychological aspects that prevent students from learning like if they are hungry, afraid or have problems in life. To know the hidden curriculum and its implications to classroom teaching, please read this link, https://simplyeducate.me/2014/12/01/hidden-curriculum-its-definition/. Thanks a lot.

wat is planned and achieved curriculum

Hi, Shammy! Planned curriculum is what you want to do in the classroom. The examples of planned curriculum are lesson plans, course outlines, syllabus, etc. However, achieved curriculum is the one being learned by the students. You will know it once you already have the results of their quizzes, assignments, projects, and exams (formative and summative assessments).

Came across the question.. Explain the by product of school curriculum.. Please, how do i go about the solution? Are the by product same as the types of curriculum?

Hi, Williams! I don’t know exactly what you meant by “by product of school curriculum”, but in my opinion is when we say “by product” it means the end, results or outcomes. So, when the learning outcomes have been achieved thru assessment (formative and summative), that is considered the by product. Likewise, it may mean the quality of students or graduates that the school has produced.

hi ! I do not know what does it mean about this question on book. What are the tools used by the school to assess the curriculum? or does it mean to assess the 7 curriculum that exists in that particular school ? Can you list down

Hi, Zachary! I think it is more on assessing the curriculum, in general. It is more on ways of determining if the lesson is learned or not. For examples, the use of quizzes, projects, portfolio, assignments, etc.

hi! what is the importance of stakeholders in curriculum implementation?

Hi, Dj! Please tell me your school or university. As to your question, stakeholders are important in curriculum implementation because a curriculum can’t be implemented without them. For example, who will implement the curriculum if there are no administrators and teachers. How can the school operate without the students? How can the teachers teach if there are no students? Also, if there are no parents to send their children to school, how can there be students in school? If there are no industries to provide school for them. Curriculum is societal, so all the stakeholders must be considered in its development and implementation.

hi, i would like to ask what are the contents and performance standards if i use the written curriculum?

Hello, Lyn. Your question is hard to answer. The written curriculum depends on your school or to you as a teacher. In most cases, get the contents and performance standards from your Ministry of Education, Commission on Higher Education or from any accrediting bodies that govern your school.

I obviously have found this as interesting as it is educative. Bunch of thanks.

Hi, Aminu. You are welcome. Please tell me what is your school or university.

This is a very good substance. I appreciate your research. However , where does parental involvement comes in terms of support from home.

Dear James,

Hi! parental involvement comes when they support the learning environment and needs of their children. For example, they should spend money for the education of their children. They should provide their emotional needs and others. They really have to motivate their children to study and learn. May I know your school?

Why must the teacher be aware and sensitive to the hidden curriculum?

Hi, Jhien! Teachers must be sensitive and aware of the hidden curriculum because they affect the teaching and learning process. Please click the link for hidden curriculum (that is colored green) on the text. Or kindly read this article of mine, https://simplyeducate.me/2014/12/01/hidden-curriculum-its-definition/ for more information.

Why do we need to change the curriculum from time to time?

Hi, Joely Ann. We need to change it in order to keep abreast with the changes/trends. We need to be updated of what is happening in the educational system. Also, we need to address the needs of the students and the industries as well, etc.

how do you perceive your role as a curricularist?

Hi, Aishnes. I already answer this question in one of the comments. Please check all the articles I wrote about curriculum. There is one who asked me the same question. To look for the articles, go to HOME, then on the left side corner you can see the list of topics, go to EDUCATION, click it, and click CURRICULUM. Then scroll down and you read the comments from each article. I have no time to look for that question since I’m a busy person. Another way, is to look for the table of contents. Thanks.

Hi, Aishnes. I found it. Just click the link and read the comments there.

https://simplyeducate.me/2014/10/26/translating-the-edecolepmentalism-philosophy-into-a-universitys-vision-goals-and-program-objectives/

dr. Mary, just want to ask do you have like a list of schools that will show or act as an example of the types of curriculum they use? or is there any schools or universities that uses different type of curriculum based on the discussions you provided? your answer is highly appreciated thanks in advance.

=)

Hi, Ann. I’m so sorry but I don’t have a list of schools. However, just try to observe classrooms if they use the things I mentioned above. As far as I know, a school can use several types depending on their administrators or department chair persons. For example, in the recommended curriculum, all DEPED and SUCs (state universities & colleges) follow the curriculum recommended by CHED. You can also interview teachers as to your questions. Thanks.

Awesome. what an inspiration. keep up. Thanks…

Thank you so much, St. Cyril.

Is there any difference between the broad field and integrated curriculum?

Hi, Nana. Yes. However, once you integrate other subject matters to the existing curriculum, it will become broad, and therefore be classified under the broad field curriculum. But the question is, how many subject matters have you integrated in the existing? How broad is broad? If you only integrate less than two and the scope is not the huge, then, it could not be under the broad field curriculum. Thanks.

Thanx hey, this is very educative in as much as it is inspirational Dr Mary! Im based in Zimbabwe, teaching a local church owned school.

Thanks for reading my article. Regards to Zimbabwe. What should I address you, Pastor, Minister or Reverend?

Hi. What are the importance of these curriculum on the life of a teacher and its implication to the life of the learners?

Those types of curriculum are important to teachers because they are the ones implementing them. If there is no curriculum, the teacher nor the school can’t exist. The most important thing in an educational system is the curriculum because it is the heart. Likewise, it is also important to the life of students. Do you think students can be called students if there is no curriculum? What will they study or learn if there is no curriculum? For more details just read some of my articles about curriculum/education in this site. Thank you so much.

What is the difference between received and learned curriculum?

Hello! I’m so sorry but I am not familiar with the term received curriculum. I only know about learned. Perhaps, received is also related to learned or it could be any form of curriculum that is provided/given to the students, thus the word, received is used.

It helps me a lot. Thanks 🙂

Hi, Garlyn. You are welcome.

Thankyou so much . I’ve learned a lot from this site. Gos bless and more power.

Hello, Jovylen. I’m happy to hear from you. Please share this site to your friends.

Hi colleague, I’m happy to find such educative platform, may i some clarifications on multiple intelligence by Howard Gardner

Hello! Thanks so much for the kind words. May I know your specific question regarding multiple intelligences? Which aspect should I clarify about?

Congrats its an inspiring site ever found. I appreciate your good work but i have one qn concerning curriculum

What are the issues to consider during curriculum design and development? Your answer is highly in need..

Regards

Dear Franco,

Your question is highly appreciated. There are many issues to consider but the major issues are the legality of the program that you will design and develop. Each country or institution has its own sets of procedures and policies. Just comply with the requirements. Then the financial aspect, the manpower (like the teachers, the staff and consultants). You should also consider the industries. Just make sure that students from the program can find a job.

Hi can i asked something how do the teacher enrich the curriculum in every school where they taught?

Hi, Hanna Mae.

The teachers can enrich the curriculum if they are allowed to do so. But if they are allowed, they can give supplementary materials that are related to the topics, that can get the interests of the students, that are appropriate for their level and background.

In addition how do the teacher percieve the role as curricularist? Im just really confused of everything and i just want to know such thing about this..

Hi, again. I have already answered this question before. Please look at the previous comments and replies. Perception varies. It is a personal one. So, how do you look at it? But you could not simply state that a teacher is a curricularist because he needs expertise and thorough knowledge. A simple classroom teacher is not an expert in curriculum and cannot be addressed as curricularist. But as to the perception, and if you mean the curricularist as curriculum implementor, it is also hard on the part of the teacher. He may view his role as very important because the success of any curricular program in on the teacher. In short, you may view the role as important or not.

Thanks for the holistic work.

You are welcome, Joshua.

hello ma’am.i have a question,,ahm..what is the connection of the Recommended curriculum to Written curriculum??:)

Hi, Aida. Both are written. However, not all written curriculum can be considered as recommended. Recommended curriculum can be prescribed by other bigger institutions or organizations while the written curriculum may refer only to lesson plans or syllabus.

What a site! I m glad I come across this, short and meaningful.

You are welcome, Okon.

Hi, Marry G. I have lack of words to express your apprication . all your’s replies are very important as well as the articles.

Thanks so much, Ayalew Molla. Please pray for me that I would be always healthy and have time to write and answer your questions. I’m getting sick due to some health problems I experienced for the past few months.

wow what’s a wonderful contribution

Thanks a lot, Nzere.

Curriculum operating in schools has varied types. Why is this so?

Hi, Rafei Lei. Curriculum in schools are varied due to the complexities of the learning and teaching process, and the changes that may occur in a country and society as well. In addition, there are many issues that need to be addressed by the school and the heart of any learning institution is the curriculum.

hi. Reading this helps me a lot. I just wanted to ask you about, How to implement a curriculum daily In a classroom?

Hi, Marist. If it is a daily implementation of curriculum in the classroom, it means that you have to carry out your lesson plans and syllabus in a daily basis, from the instructional objectives down to assessment in order to find out if the students have learned or not.

thanks for this amazing site it really help me a Lot . 🙂

You are welcome, Celine.

hi Mary hope you good. can u please help me in identifying the relationship that exist among the different types of curricular

Hi, Mulamata. I think the relationship is more on how we connect the lesson or degree program to assessment and what are the other variables that affect the teaching and learning process. The bottomline is how can we achieve the optimum learning of students in a successful manner.

This is an amazing site for we students. God bless you so much for the good works. More grease to your elbow.

Thanks so much, Tsekpo.

Can you please highlight the meaning of intended curriculum for me? Your responses are highly appreciated.Thanks

Intended curriculum is what you planned, Tsekpo.

thank you so much maam. This help me alot in making may assignment in school. Thank you so much for aloting your time sharing your wisdom to others. May the lord GOD bless you and guide you alway. 🙂

You are welcome, Ma. Leslie.

good evening maam…

why do i need to know the different types of curriculum????

Hi, Jay. I think I already answered it, please look at the thread or to my other articles.

Hello ma’am why must teacher be aware and sensitive to the hidden curriculum?

Please read this Ruel, https://simplyeducate.me/2014/12/01/hidden-curriculum-its-definition/

Thanks.

hi! why the following regarded as the part of hidden curriculum

a/the choice of the subject by the pupils

b/the cleanlines of the school compound

c/the design of the school time table

Hi Sanga.

according to my view and research it’s called hidden because they are things a student learns while at the school without being aware. Also termed as unconditional learning. Attitudes, skills, habits are among hidden values copied by learners from teachers, peers or elders. It is non academic but educational significant outcome of learning.

Hi, Cellina Sanga. Koech Kipronoh Solomon is right. Please read the reply.

Hello

it gave me a problem of categorizing if it is a formal ,informal, non-formal or emerging types of curriculum.

Am not familiar with the one above.

Hello, Koech. Thanks for helping me answer the question of Cellina Sanga. As to your question about formal, informal and non-formal, please read this, http://techne-dib.com.br/downloads/6.pdf

Thanks.

Hi Dr.may

i am studding Master of Art in Nursing , i face to A question which is , What is the type of Curriculum used in Nursing Course CHED 2009 series 14 ? Dr.Mary i am overseas student i fined more of What i need in your page thank you so much the more you make my feel positive ,,

Have A nice day & Night Ma’am ..

Hello, Layan. How are you? I’m so sorry for a delayed reply. The curriculum issued by CHED is an example of a recommended curriculum. So, the curriculum in Nursing Course issued by CHED 2009 series 14 is a recommended curriculum.

but these types of cureiculum are confusing me coz i want the definition of prescribed,formal and imformal curriculums….and yet i couldnt see them….

Hi, Wisdom62. Please read this, http://techne-dib.com.br/downloads/6.pdf. For prescribed curriculum it is the formal type. Sorry for a delayed reply.

why do i need to know the different types of curricula ?

Hi, Butchoi. You have to know them in order for you to be familiar of the importance of each.

Hello po…

I just want to ask question that came in my mind and its really bothering… what does it mean___ What, Why and how to Evaluate a Curriculum?

Plsss… I need answer..

Hi, James. Your question needs a long answer and I can’t answer it here. Perhaps, I have to write an article about it if I have time. I’m so sorry.

Can there be difference in learned and assessed curriculum?

Hi, Eraj. Yes, there is. Learned curriculum is the actual lesson/knowledge learned by the students while assessed curriculum is more on the assessment process to determine if the students learned.

can you help me Dr. l have an asignment on curriculum studies.The difference between planned curriculum and actual curriculum and give possible reasons for there disparities

Dear Dr Mary

I am PGCE student and we where given an assignment on “USING PRACTICAL EXAMPLES TO DIFFERENTIATE THE TYPES OF CURRICULUM AS APPLICABLE IN THE MICRO, MESO AND MACRO LEVELS IN SA”. Please simplify this question for me or rather what examples would you consider in answering the question?

Hello, Lorraine. PGCE means a Post Graduate Certificate Education, right? And what do you mean by SA? Saudi Arabia or South Africa? I can’t give you the exact answers because the acronyms are not clear to me.

As to the definition, perhaps this can help you, http://www.dictionaryofeducation.co.uk/m/m/macro-meso-micro and from there, you can provide your own examples since you are more familiar with your place.

what is the different between planned curriculum and actual curriculam.

Hi, Tafadzwa. Planned is the intended curriculum while the actual is the implemented.

can you help me Dr. l have an asignment on curriculum studies.The difference between planned curriculum and actual curriculum and give possible reasons for there disparities

Hi, again Tafadzwa. The reason for the disparity is that when you do the actual teaching, sometimes you can’t implement all the parts of your lesson plans (planned or intended curriculum) due to the influence of the hidden curriculum.

hi maam may you help me this QN thus ” what is actual or ongoing or implemented curriculum”

Hi, Sophie. The actual, ongoing or implemented curricula are the so-called “real”, which means that they are the ones being implemented in the classroom. The planned curriculum in a form of lesson plan is only planned and therefore can be altered depending on the students’ needs during the actual delivery of the lesson.

Good day Dr. Mary, your article enlightened me so much on the types of the curriculum. I have grey spots on understanding this on our masteral class and this page helped me in comprehending it well. I have a question though, in the Philippine setting and in the midst of various issues teachers encounter on implementing the curriculum, what are your suggestions on minimizing and or eliminating/ bridging the gap between the taught and the learned curriculum?

Thank You for taking time and best regards.

Hi, Quinn. My suggestions are the following: (1) formulate objectives that are smart or formulate learning outcomes; (2) the delivery and management of curriculum; and (3) the time spent in teaching. If the curriculum is congested or the time spent is too much for the students to absorb the lessons, then there is no meaningful learning on the part of the students. It is useless to teach more time if the students’ affective filters are high. Thus, there is a gap between the taught and the learned curriculum.

please help me.

what are the benefits of having an official curriculum prescribed to all school?

Hi, KIm. One of the benefits is that you can ensure that the standards or requirements for that course/program/subject are followed. Next, it is easier to prepare. It is like one size fits all. One main syllabus, textbook can be used and assessment tools are the same . It is also easy to manage and evaluate.

and the roles of teachers and other curriculum workers in ensuring the success of the implemented curriculum

Teachers are the implementors and they must be trained and monitored to ensure that the prescribed curriculum are followed.

sorry madam!!!!. I have a question . What are the different scholars who tried to classify the types of curriculum?

Hi, Arone. If you read the article above, I mentioned Grathon. There is a typo error. The name is Allan Glatthorn. Please click the link, http://www1.udel.edu/educ/whitson/897s05/files/Glatthorn10.pdf

Thanks a lot.

Chilomba Pardon, (undergraduate) a Zambian in central Africa.

Dr! You are very powerful and you need to be Honored by highly recognized bodies or universities like the HARVARD UNIVERSITY for your super able knowledge and tireless research mentality. That is my HUMBLE prayer and may the ALMIGHTY LORD who never went wrong bless you ABUNDANTLY especially your health which is the most important of all as other things can just be following one after the other. In fact ”Doc” is not enough hence” Prof”. Good and lovely night. Now Doc, what are the elements of curriculum?

should I get the details about the following

1.what is curriculum research

2.types of curriculum research

3.process of curriculum research

4.important of curriculum research

Please mum can you help me with the examples of the following.

Official curriculum

Operational curriculum

Null curriculum

Extracurricular

Hidden curriculum

I want to fnd out what is the developmental curriculum and where i can fiind information on it.

what do you think is an effective curriculum?

in what ways can educational objectives be attained?

Wonderful story, reckoned we could combine some unrelated information, nonetheless seriously really worth taking a search, whoa did a single discover about Mid East has got additional problerms at the same time.

thank you ma’am!

it’s very helpful and educative…

hi. this is amazing I really found it helpful long live.

You are most welcome, Marcelle.

How written curriculum,taught or implemented curriculum and received curriculum are related

Hi, Beatha. They are related because when you teach (taught curriculum), that is the process when you are implementing the curriculum. The implemented curriculum can be referred to the actual teaching and learning process.

Hi, why curriculum is important to study as a student teacher, what are the points?

Hello, Chuube. My article about the Meaning and Importance of Curriculum Development can help you answer it. Curriculum is the heart of any learning institution that’s why it is very important. In the article above, try to summarize everything and you will get the points. Remember, you can’t study or take a subject without it. The same as true as the teacher.

wow what a site ..am impressed….but i still cant give enough information on how Electronic curriculum positively influence teaching and learning

Thank you, Helalia. Your topic must be a separate one. If I have time, I will write about it or conduct a research in that field. That is the emerging topic nowadays.

Thanks for your good works in the educational sector across the globe. History will definitely remember you for your tireless and collective efforts. I am a student studying education in my country.

What an inspiring message from you, Matthew! Thank you so much.

Hello Ma’am, Kindly explain the content of this link just briefly? The terms are different and it has more content. or maybe, what you mentioned are the types of curriculum used in the Philippines, while in the link that I’m going to paste here are in other countries? I don’t know. thanks you very much for taking the time answering. https://thesecondprinciple.com/instructional-design/types-of-curriculum/

Hi, Annabelle. If you take a look at the contents and the explanations, they are almost similar. The terms are synonymous though the author had categorized the types in different ways and added some more. Thank you.

From the types of curriculum identified, is there really the so called “best curriculum”? How these types of curriculum prepare students to become productive and purposeful individual in the society?

Hi can you give example on classroom curriculum here is the question. ..cite specific classroom curriculum situation that reveal the fallowing. .

1.realism

2.idealism

3.perennialism

4.existentialism

5.pragmatism. ..Thanks

Please I need more clarification on null curriculum

Pls help me reason out why does hidden curriculum needed in the school