The Meaning and Importance of Curriculum Development

This article explains the definition of curriculum development, and its importance in school, country, and society, in general.

Before I discuss the definition of curriculum development, let me describe to you first the importance of curriculum. A curriculum is considered the “heart” of any learning institution which means that schools or universities cannot exist without a curriculum. With its importance in formal education, the curriculum has become a dynamic process due to the changes that occur in our society. Therefore, in its broadest sense, curriculum refers to the “total learning experiences of individuals not only in school but society as well” (Bilbao et al., 2008).

Definition of Curriculum Development

Curriculum development is defined as planned, a purposeful, progressive, and systematic process to create positive improvements in the educational system. Every time there are changes or developments happening around the world, the school curricula are affected. There is a need to update them to address the society’s needs.

To illustrate this contention, let’s trace back history.

During the ancient times, people taught their children knowledge and skills to survive by catching fish or hunting animals for food. They had no formal education during that time, but their children learned and acquired the knowledge and skills for survival. So, during that time, they already had a curriculum that other educators call as, the saber-tooth curriculum. This type of curriculum refers to a kind of curriculum that existed during the ancient times in which the purpose of teaching was for survival.

However, when the effects of discoveries and inventions became inevitable, ancient people’s way of life had changed for the better. As a result, education became formal, and curriculum development evolved as systematic, planned, purposeful and progressive, even today.

Importance of Curriculum Development

Curriculum development has a broad scope because it is not only about the school, the learners, and the teachers. It is also about the development of society in general.

In today’s knowledge economy, curriculum development plays a vital role in improving the economy of a country. It also provides answers or solutions to the world’s pressing conditions and problems, such as environment, politics, socio-economics, and other issues of poverty, climate change, and sustainable development.

There must be a chain of developmental process to develop a society. First, the school curriculum, particularly in higher education, must be developed to preserve the country’s national identity and to ensure its economy’s growth and stability. Thus, the president of a country must have a clear vision for his people and the country as well.

For instance, in the Philippines, if President Aquino would like the country to become the Asia-Pacific’s tourism hub, then the school curriculum must be developed along that line. Curricular programs for higher education can be crafted in such a way that it will boost the tourism industry. For example, different models may arise such as edu-tourism, eco-tourism, cultural tourism, medo-tourism, biz-tourism, techno-tourism, agri-tourism, archi-tourism, among others.

If universities have curricular programs that are innovative and in demand in the local or global markets, many students even from foreign countries will enroll. A higher number of enrollees would mean income on the part of the universities. As a result, if the income is big, it can be used for teachers’ promotion, scholarship, and remuneration. It can also be used in funding research and development endeavors, and in putting up school facilities, libraries, and laboratories.

I believe that the country’s economy can improve the people’s way of life through curriculum development. And to develop it, curriculum experts or specialists should work hand in hand with lawmakers such as senators and congressmen, the local government officials, governors, mayors, among others. Likewise, business communities and industries, and other economically oriented players in society may be engaged in setting and implementing rules and policies for educational reforms.

Hence, curriculum development matters a lot in setting the direction of change in an organization, not only at the micro but also at macro levels. As long as the goals and objectives of curriculum development are clear in the planner’s mind, cutting-edge achievements in various concerns can be realized.

For additional information on curriculum development, please read Edecolepmentalism: a Personal Philosophy of HIgher Education, and Translating the Edecolepmentalism Philosophy Into a University’s Vision, Goals, and Program Objectives.


Bilbao, P. P., Lucido, P. I., Iringan, T. C., and R. B. Javier (2008). Curriculum development. Philippines: Lorimar Publishing, Inc.

© 2014 December 13 M. G. Alvior

Cite this article as: Alvior, Mary G. (December 13, 2014). The Meaning and Importance of Curriculum Development. In SimplyEducate.Me. Retrieved from

132 thoughts on “The Meaning and Importance of Curriculum Development”

      1. Helo miss Mary please help

        With ths following learning theories,mental disciplone theory,natural unfoldment theory,behavoirisn and cognitivism.
        Can you please explain how each theor’s philosophical outlooks help in relation of curriculum design and development in schools

      2. Hi Mary,

        I am doing some research in this area. I see you have only one reference at the end of your article. I was just wondering if this a reflection of how little work has being done in that area? I was wondering because I am finding it hard to find an research in this area.


        P.S. I am looking forward to reading your book

      1. Hi Mary,

        I am doing some research in this area. I see you have only one reference at the end of your article. I was just wondering if this a reflection of how little work has being done in that area? I was wondering because I am finding it hard to find an research in this area.


        P.S. I am looking forward to reading your book

    1. Dear Kevin, Thanks a lot. Please pray that I have more time to write because I am also a very busy person.

  1. Hi, friends i really like this article and i will keep up try to make an effective contribution to you all.

  2. Hi friends, i believe that curriculum has a great important to determine the achivement, planned, and well organise level of study in schools.
    zaharaddeen Auwal Jikamshi (2016)

    1. Hi, Meech. I love to write more but as the moment, I am not physically well. Please pray that I get well soon and able to write in this site.

  3. I am so pleased reading your article , I was just called up to offer the “Introduction to curriculum development and teaching” I never knew how to go about it, but when I read through your article I was so enriched and hoping to give the best of what is expected of me to these starter class of University students.
    Stay blessed
    My regards

  4. Hello Dr. Marry,
    You have really published a great book for researchers and educators of curriculum. I am highly interested to buy an electronic copy of “THE MEANING AND IMPORTANCE OF CURRICULUM development”. However, I have tried but it seems I didn’t find the right link. I would be grateful if you could send me the direct link, please. I appreciate your prompt and positive response.
    Very best regards,

    1. Thank you so much, Sir Mubarak. If you have questions, please don’t hesitate to ask me through my email. God bless and happy reading!

  5. Hi Dr. Marry! thank you for the Article. im started to study this article because this is one of my subject. the Curriculum development.

  6. Hi madam, Am Shechambo John excited to read saber- tooth curriculum, a useful material for tracing the foundation of curriculum development

  7. hello maam mary . thakyou for that article but I have a very simple question that makes me confuse . tsarr ihihi .. Are sabre-curriculum and saber curriculum thesame ?

  8. Hello Dr. Marry
    May I get some definition about curriculum development based on experts (min. 5 experts)?

    Thanks for a lot of article, really helpful me

    1. Hello, Salmini. There are many weaknesses because curriculum development is highly political. If you have no strong influence or if there is no support coming from the Ministry of Education / Commission on Higher Education, the Teacher Education Council, the teachers, students and other stakeholders, it is difficult to develop a curriculum.

  9. Hello ma’am, I’m so appreciated by your talented in this article, I have learnt too much! please enlighten me and I need more knowledge about Curriculum Development, If you have more information about curriculum, please inform me… thank you so much ma’am, I want to see you in personal. ^_^

  10. Mamzy, I’m so sorry but I don’t have enough time to answer your questions. Perhaps, I could write an article about the topics you raised.

    1. Hi, Reymark. You must know the different types because all schools have different purposes and the classes in most schools have different types of students. Each curriculum type serves the school’s purpose.

  11. Hi, Chami Kiondo. How are you? Can you tell me about yourself? I have so many readers and pardon me if I couldn’t exactly remember you. Thanks so much.

  12. Dr. Mary, alot of thanks for your great efforts. More grease to your elbow. God bless you more. Thanks.

    1. Hi, Bruce. I’m Dr. Mary Alvior. As to your question, stakeholders have influence in curriculum planning. They can suggest or even prescribe the kind of curriculum designs, mode of delivery, contents, etc.

    1. Hi, Nicholas. If you read thoroughly my article above, you would know the relevance of curriculum development to the current educational system.

  13. Please i will like to know the instructional considerations in curriculum development. You can please refer me to a site. Thank you. Do you know Prof. Grace Offorma?

    1. Hello, D. I don’t know Prof. Grace Offorma. Or maybe she is one of my network. As to your question, it seems vague to me because I can’t contextualize it yet.

    1. Hi, Rabi. I am not so confident with my answer but I think one thing that we have to consider as an international aspect of curriculum is the culture. The curriculum must be culture-sensitive.

  14. Thanks
    But i can see that your importance of curriculum development are based only on the economy.
    How do students and teachers benefit from this curriculum development

  15. please I will like to use your medium to ask this question: With relevant examples, account for the development of the curriculum at the level of school administration in Ghana.

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