Education Quantitative Research Research

A Sample of Conceptual Framework with Statement of the Problem

This article shows how a conceptual framework, along with the corresponding statement of the problem, is organized and written in a dissertation. Take a look at the example on how it is done and try to make one for your paper. You may also use this in your thesis.

You may be thinking about too many theories to base your study on. However, a conceptual framework in built on a theory that serves as the basis for your study. Once you have decided which theory to adopt, try to figure it out if the phenomenon, with all the associated variables in your study, can be best explained by that theory. The example below illustrates how this works.

Example of a Conceptual Framework

This study zeroes in on the professional development activities for teachers by espousing the idea that the classroom performance of teachers is a critical factor for student academic performance. The researcher based her assumption from Weiner’s Attribution Theory that external and internal factors can improve performance.

For example, students may attribute their academic performance to their teachers (external factor) while the teachers may attribute their teaching performance to in-service trainings (external factor) and perhaps, to their teaching efficacy, job satisfaction, and attitude towards the teaching profession (internal factors). These relationships are illustrated in Figure 1.

conceptual framework
Figure 1. Paradigm showing the relationships among the variables in this study.

Statement of the Problem

The purpose of this study is to provide baseline data on in-service training for English, Mathematics, and Science Fourth Year High School teachers from School Year 2006 up to 2010. Also, a professional development model for teachers is proposed.

Specifically, this study sought answers to the following questions:

1. What are the most familiar in-service training activities among teachers? And what are their insights about these activities as to: (a) applicability in the classroom, (b) importance in the teaching profession, and (c) impact on student performance?

2. What feedback do teachers have of the in-service training programs attended in terms of (a) perception, and (b) satisfaction?

3. What are the teachers’ level of teaching efficacy, job satisfaction, and attitude towards the teaching profession?

4. What is the performance of the fourth year high school students in their Subject Achievement Tests in three subject areas: English, Mathematics, and Science during the first semester of SY 2010-2011?

5. Are the teachers’ perception and satisfaction regarding the in-service training programs predictors of their levels of teaching efficacy, job satisfaction, and attitude towards the teaching profession?

6. Are the teachers’ levels of teaching efficacy, job satisfaction, and attitude towards the teaching profession predictors of their student performance in the Subject Achievement Tests?

7. What enhanced professional development model for teachers can be developed on the basis of the results of this study?

Now, you have learned how a theory is used, and how the questions in the statement of the problem are formulated. Take note that the questions in the statement of the problem are arranged according to the flow of conceptual framework. First, it has questions on inventory of in-service training activities, followed by the feedback. The next question is about teacher factors, then results of student performance. The last question relates to the development of the enhanced professional development model.

Can you make it? Yes, you can!

© 2015 January 19 M. G. Alvior

Cite this article as: Alvior, Mary G. (January 19, 2015). A Sample of Conceptual Framework with Statement of the Problem [Blog Post]. In SimplyEducate.Me. Retrieved from

By Alvior, Mary G.

Dr. Mary Gillesania Alvior has PhD. in Curriculum Development from West Visayas State University. She earned her Master of Arts in Teaching English Language at De La Salle University, Manila as CHED scholar. She worked at the Royal Commission for Jubail and Yanbu in Saudi Arabia as an English instructor and curriculum developer. Her committee was responsible for the development of an english curriculum based on the Common European Framework of Reference for Languages (CEFR) and used the English Language Proficiency Exams as assessment tools. In 2016, she moved to Thailand and taught at the St. Theresa International College. She was able to teach English and Education courses to college and MA students. In the Diploma in Teaching course, she was able to observe different classes in Thailand. From pre-school to high school classes, from private to government schools, from small private schools to the most elite schools, and from local schools to international schools. Her students came from 14 countries and some of them are retired from famous organizations and graduates of Oxford University, McGill University, National University of Singapore, MIT, British Columbia, among others. Her experiences in a multi-cultural environment made her exposed to different curricula and programs abroad. Curricular programs that are industry-related, innovative, and follow global standards. The kind of programs that are much needed by developing countries.

34 replies on “A Sample of Conceptual Framework with Statement of the Problem”

Topic:relationship between quality assurance and principal role performance in secndary schools in kano metropolis, nigeria. Problem:can the relationship between quality assurance and principals role performance bringing effectiveness on academic performance of secondary school students in kano metropolis? What is the conceptual frame work of my thesis pls?

Hello, Muhammad. Just identify your variables. The independent and dependent variables and make relationships.

Yes, Paulo. The conceptual framework should contain the statement of the problem in a form of variables.

May I duplicate the study of yours in our institution? We got lot of trainings and seminars on instruction research and extensions. However, it seems that instruction is at stake due to absences of the teachers attending different professional development programs. I’d like to make a study on that to inform the admin and let them create/design a program that will enhance the capabilities of the teachers but will not affect the learning of the students. Further, are those trainings and seminars really improved their instruction, research and extension capabilities? Or applied what they have learned from those seminars and trainings? I would be grateful if give me permission to do study similar to yours.

Hi Ms. Mary! May I know the thesis title of your sample conceptual framework? Thank you. And can I use it as a sample for my graduate studies presentation on conceptual framework? Thanks.

Hello, Gine. Sure, it is my pleasure. My dissertation is entitled: In-Service Training Programs, Teacher Factors and Student Performance: Bases for Enhanced Professional Development Model for Teachers. Sorry for a late reply. I was so busy then. May I know where you are from?

Hi Mary, can you help me in creating our conceptual framework regarding on students’ academic achievement in relation to their economic status? I hope you will pay attention of this.

Hello Chenny. How can I help you? Please give me some inputs. Or perhaps you can work on this, if there is direct correlation/relationship between acedemic achievement (grades in the subject or grade in all subjects for the entire year) then link it to economic status (poor, mid/average or rich according to their income) . Thank you.

I’m writting a dissertation on cardiovascular responses to inversion and how time affects the variable responses. The problem is that some treatment procedures are done at vague degrees of inversion. My quest is to find safer degrees to avoid detrimental consequences.
Can you help me on how to write a conceptual framework on this?

Hi, JV. Yes! You should address the questions in the conceptual framework and vice versa. Make sure that the statement of the problem is aligned with the conceptual framework.

Hello, Meriam. You may use your own but in using it make sure that it has something to do with the theory you use. Your mindmap must have relation to the theory. You may modify it but it represents the theory. for example, I used Attribution theory in my paper. Now, you may think of other variables/factors in which you can apply the Theory of Attribution.

Thanks very much for your prop response Mary. What other services do you offer regarding dissertation writing?

Hello, can you help me with our research? Our research title is “Awareness of Senior High School Students on the Benefits and Risks of Coffee Consumption: an Analysis”. Thank you!!

Topic : Knowledge and practices of indigenous people towards to biodiversity conservation.
Is anyone who can help me how to make a conceptional framework and statement of the problem? pleaseee.

Hi can you help me with our research? our topic is about learner-centered teaching strategies. our main concern is to know if there is a significant relationship between the respondents demographic profile such as their senior high school academic strand and the learner-centered approach used by their teacher. what conceptual framework do you suggest?

Thank you very much. It has really helped me a lot. I want to know how theoretical framework is clearly different from conceptual framework and how the variables can be positioned accurately as in using distributional or attributional method?

i need help on how to come up with a conceptual framework for this study:
ICT Integration-Its Influence in Learner’s Study Habits

thank you very much

how can I prepare conceptual frame work on the research title the practices and challenges of educational supervision on the professional development of teachers.

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