Alvior’s Theory of Learning in Higher Education

Plan – is our blue print or our lesson plan. We need to concretize our plan through writing the steps on how to reach our dream. Without proper planning, we may be out of focus.

Action – is the implementation stage. We should act according to our plan.

Motivation – is the contributory factor why we are able to continually do or act according to our plan.

Capacity – is the determining factor whether we can achieve our dreams or not.


The theory is like traveling to a new place with your family and friends. And you are the only one who knows how to drive your car. Before you drive, you must be clear of your destination (DREAM).


For example, you might want to go to El Nido by land from Puerto Princesa City. But before going there, you check your car, the engine and tires. You make sure your car is capable of long travel even along bumpy roads. You have enough gasoline and you bring tools, extra tires, and oil. You also bring food, water, medicines and clothes (CAPACITY). Then you bring the map (PLAN) because it is your first time to be there. Then you drive well according to the map (ACTION) in order to reach the destination. While driving, you enjoy looking at the scenery; enjoy talking, eating some junk foods and drinking your favorite cola or juice. You also think of the joy and excitement you will experience upon reaching the beautiful beaches and islands of El NidoYour dream of a summer getaway will come true! You will go fishing, swimming and snorkeling with your family and friends amidst the cliffs of lime stones and the abundance of flora and fauna (MOTIVATION).

Suddenly, the engine stops working! But you have a support group, i.e., your family and friends to help you fix the engine and continue to drive. They motivate you to go on and the idea of reaching the beautiful place can add to your drive to continue. But it is your ability to fix, the tools and the oil that you bring with you (CAPACITY) can help you most to reach your destination, i.e., El Nido.


 The learning process in this theory has two phases. The first phase (before one can learn) consists of DREAM, CAPACITY and PLAN. The 2nd phase (the duration of learning or the actual learning period) consists of ACTION, MOTIVATION and CAPACITY.

Pre-learning Stage (Dream, Capacity, Plan)


Before you can learn, you should have a dream. What do you want to be?

Example Dream: I would like to go to America and to earn a lot of money.

If that is your dream or your parents’ dream for you, you choose a course that would help you reach your dream – finish a nursing course and be a registered nurse. The issue lies on your dream or your parents’ dream.

Nowadays, although most students enrolled in the nursing course do not really like nursing, they take this up for practical reasons, that is, to reach the above stated dream.


After having your dream in focus, you start looking at your capacities. Capacities refer to your physical, intellectual, emotional and financial capabilities.

Physical – Are you capable of waking up early or not sleeping so well due to a hectic schedule? Are you physically fit to do the course work and to render community service? If so, you are physically capable.

IntellectualGardner popularized multiple intelligences. Do you possess linguistic, logical-mathematical, inter- and intra-personal intelligences which are needed in your course? Do you also have triarchic intelligence as described by Sternberg? Do you think you have the intellectual capacity to reach your dream?


  1. Mary Alvior June 6, 2014
  2. TOTO MANARPAAC June 12, 2014
    • Anonymous June 23, 2014

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